Acyl chloride

  • Created by: Ash_angel
  • Created on: 19-02-19 15:59
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  • Acyl Chlorides
    • -COCl
    • General formula: CnH(2n-1)OCl
    • -oyl
    • Made by reacting carboxylic acid with SOCl2 (Thionyl chloride)
    • Reactions
      • With water
        • -reacts vigorously with cold water              -produces carboxylic acid
      • With Alcohols
        • - reacts vigorously with alcohol at rom temperature   - produces an ester
      • Nucleopjillic substitution reaction: Cl is substituedby an O or N group.
      • With Ammonia
        • - react violently at room temperature.   - produces primary amide (NH2)
      • With Amines
        • - react violently at room temperature    - produces secondary amide (NH)
      • With phenol
        • - react slowly at room temperature    - produces an ester

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