Accent and Dialect

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  • Accent and Dialect
    • Giles Accommodation Theory (1971)
      • Divergence
        • e.g. not using specific words to avoid association with a particular accent
        • Used to distance themselves
        • Cheshire
          • Children who approved of behaviour used non-standard features
      • Convergence
        • Used to relate to people
          • e.g. if you like someone you will converge more to relate with them more
        • e.g. speaking more Mancunian because you like a person with a Mancunian accent
    • David Crystal
      • Standard English is a core form of language
        • Prescriptivism
          • a certain way of speaking is correct (SE, RP)
        • Descriptivism
          • language is appropriate for its context e.g. different words used in informal situations
    • Regional Accents
      • Negatively Evaluated
        • Birmingham
          • associated with being rough; unfriendly
            • Scouse
        • Scouse
        • Received Pronunciation
      • Positively Evaluated
        • Celtic accents e.g. iIish and Edinburgh
          • associated with friendliness and gentleness
      • more proud of our accents
        • identity and uniqueness
    • Received Pronunciation (RP)
      • Negatively Evaluated
        • associated with snobbery
        • Modern day view
      • Positively Evaluated
        • early twentieth century
      • 'receive' the vowels and consonants clearly
        • easy to understand
          • Prescriptivist view
      • Upper class prestige
        • associated with snobbery
        • early twentieth century

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