Absolutism and Relativism

A mind map noting all onabsolutist and relativist views.

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  • Absolutism and Relativism
    • Divine Command Theory
      • The 10 commandments are seen as absolute rules that are set by God
      • God would not command anyone to do anything bad as he is benevolent
      • Is it good good because God says it is or does God say it because it is good?
      • god gave man free will, therefore it is up  to us to determine what is right or wrong
      • Can we link God to morality? Does God have anything to do with morality?
      • However, God commanded Abraham to kill Isaac, making him immoral
        • God would not command anyone to do anything bad as he is benevolent
    • Cultural Relativism
      • Moral relativism is tolerant and respectful of different societies
      • Moral values change over time, depend on the culture of the times
      • there is too much diversity across cultures that there is no way a universal moral law could suit all
      • This version of ethics suggests that moral laws differ across varying societies
      • Moral relativism doesn't allow the condemnation of evil actions (Genocide)
    • Moral Absoutism
      • This approach to ethics is simple and easy to understand
      • Some things (murder) are objectively right or wrong
      • Actions such as murder are intrinsically wrong and so must be morally wrong
      • Moral commands are true at all times
      • The source of these moral laws are different depending on belief
      • Moral absolutism is classed as deontological as consequences are not considered




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