Abortion and right to a child

sorry not finished, but i need the option of printing it for tomorrows exam 

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  • Created by: Yamanam
  • Created on: 29-04-13 13:08
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  • Abortion and right to a child
    • Status of embryo
      • When does it become human as opposed to a ball of cells?
        • Micheal Tooley said...
          • Untitled
      • Dictionary - an unborn or unhatched offspring in the process of development
        • It also specifies that it is usually the first 8 weeks, before organs have fully developed.
      • Potentiality, refer to singer
    • sanctity of life
      • "God created human kind in his own image"
        • This shows humans to be good and different
      • "LORD God breathed the breath of life into man"
        • Humans have 'divine' qualities and therefore sacred
      • The sacredness of human life
        • The problem with abortion is that is difficult to determine when the foetus is "human " and therefore sacred
          • PRO CHOICE Some Christians believe a foetus is only human when dependent of the mother.
            • Once independent, it has developed its own personhood
          • PRO LIFE Often argue the foetus is a human since the point of conception
            • From the point of conception  we are humans with personhood and a right to life
      • Weakness'
        • The bible states "God saw all that he had made and it was very good"
          • Surely then , all life is sacred for it is all God given?
            • Singer argued that sanctity only given to human life has "distorted morality"
        • A neo-Darwinian approach emphasizes the meaningless of  concepts such as sacredness
          • Abortion allows us to control population and overcrowding
        • The foetus may have sanctity of life - but so does the mother
          • Foetus is potentiality whilst the mother is actuality -surely she be prioritized
    • Personhood/ Status of human body
      • Attributes which make a human being an individual.
        • Persoanlity
        • Attribtues which make us free
          • E.g. the right to make decisions
      • John Locke (1632 - 1704)
        • Humans are "sentient"
          • = Able to experience sense or feeling
          • This includes free will, individuality and a social nature
            • Principle of reciprocity
              • To be a person you must "give and take" from a relationship
                • A foetus / embryo is not a rational being - or so it's assumed
                  • It's lack of consciousness required to be a human
                  • Prime facie (Correct until proven not so)
    • Right to  life
      • Does the foetus have a right to life?
        • Depends when you think they become human
          • Mother or foetus?
            • Case in Ireland where woman was denied an abortion and consequently died
    • Issuse with infertility and right to a child
      • Untitled
    • Child; gift or right?
      • Untitled
    • Natural Law
    • Christian Ethics
      • sanctity of life
        • "God created human kind in his own image"
          • This shows humans to be good and different
        • "LORD God breathed the breath of life into man"
          • Humans have 'divine' qualities and therefore sacred
        • The sacredness of human life
          • The problem with abortion is that is difficult to determine when the foetus is "human " and therefore sacred
            • PRO CHOICE Some Christians believe a foetus is only human when dependent of the mother.
              • Once independent, it has developed its own personhood
            • PRO LIFE Often argue the foetus is a human since the point of conception
              • From the point of conception  we are humans with personhood and a right to life
        • Weakness'
          • The bible states "God saw all that he had made and it was very good"
            • Surely then , all life is sacred for it is all God given?
              • Singer argued that sanctity only given to human life has "distorted morality"
          • A neo-Darwinian approach emphasizes the meaningless of  concepts such as sacredness
            • Abortion allows us to control population and overcrowding
          • The foetus may have sanctity of life - but so does the mother
            • Foetus is potentiality whilst the mother is actuality -surely she be prioritized
      • Those who agree with abortion can use the phrase "the best of a number of imperfect moral alternatives"
        • "before i formed you in the womb i knew you"
      • Utilitarianism
        • Preference - Peter Singer
          • Embryo is NOT a human being, but has human potentiality
            • Therefore acceptable to have an abortion
        • Rule - Mill
        • Act  - Bentham
      • Kantian ethics
        • The preservation of life
        • The principle of extreme duty
        • Moral decisions should not be based on love or sympathy
        • Treating humanity as an end and not a means to an end
        • The problem of universality
        • Happiness has no part to play in ethical decision making

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