Abortion

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  • Abortion
    • Utilitarian Views
      • Bentham
        • Quantity of happiness
          • Personhood, only wrong if foetus is considered a person.
          • Judging whether life starts at conception is weak. It could be considered as uncertain on the Hedonic Calculus.
          • The child could probably survive due to technological advance so having an abortion due to illness doesn't justify as there is some certainty that it could survive. HC
      • Mill
        • Human dignity
          • If foetus is just a bunch of cells than abortion is okay due to no human dignity.
          • Harm principle= its alright to do what we want as long as it doesn't harm others...question of personhood.
        • Individual sovereignty -'Over himself, over his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign.'
        • PRO CHOICE
          • Bentham
            • Quantity of happiness
              • Personhood, only wrong if foetus is considered a person.
              • Judging whether life starts at conception is weak. It could be considered as uncertain on the Hedonic Calculus.
              • The child could probably survive due to technological advance so having an abortion due to illness doesn't justify as there is some certainty that it could survive. HC
      • PRO CHOICE
      • Christian Views
        • Natural Law
          • Primary precept is too defend innocent life. Makes a secondary precept of do not abort.
          • Double Effect...To save the mother from death is okay if intent is not to kill the foetus.
        • Situation Ethics
          • Agape- the only thing good in itself if love
            • The Church of England says that situationally abortion might be the lesser of two evils. If a woman was raped then the more loving thing could be to abort
              • Jesus taught compassion and love...peopleshould do the most loving thing.
        • The Bible
          • Life begins at conception
            • 'Before I formed you in the womb I knew you.' Jeremiah
            • Abortion is always wrong.
              • 'Thou shalt not kill.'
                • 'Before I formed you in the womb I knew you.' Jeremiah
      • Kantian Views
        • The 3 Maxims (The Categorical Imperative)
          • Abortion can not be universalised because humanity would cease to exist = self contradictory
            • Having an abortion to save a mothers life is wrong. It is treating humanity as a means to an end
              • Question of personhood...Is a foetus a person?
        • People who have been raped can have abortions... doesn't work = hypothetical imperative.
      • Main points surrounding Abortion
        • Pro choice VS Pro life
          • Can one decide or is life too important?
          • Sanctity of Life
            • All life is equal and all has intrinsic value.
            • Strong Sanctity of Life
              • Also pro life.... starts with there being a creator =God
              • We are different from animals as God breathed life into Adams nostrils.= Ensoulment.
              • Only God can take away life ...souls
                • We are different from animals as God breathed life into Adams nostrils.= Ensoulment.
              • CATHOLIC
            • Weak Sanctity of Life
              • Does not start with a God but recognises medical improvements meaning Strong SOL is no longer suitable.
              • CHURCH OF ENGLAND
              • Jesus taught compassion and love...peopleshould do the most loving thing.
          • Also pro life.... starts with there being a creator =God
        • Personhood
          • When does a foetus become a person because after this point it is then murder???
        • Viability = 24 weeks
        • Sanctity of Life
          • All life is equal and all has intrinsic value.
          • Strong Sanctity of Life
            • Only God can take away life ...souls
              • CATHOLIC
            • Weak Sanctity of Life
              • Does not start with a God but recognises medical improvements meaning Strong SOL is no longer suitable.
              • CHURCH OF ENGLAND
          • Case Studies
            • Disability
            • Finance
            • Mothers life at risk
            • Rape

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