Abortion applied

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  • Abortion applied
    • Natural Law
      • Real and apparent goods: mother may see it as a good thing, an apparent good with her believing she is fulfilling PP of defend the young but her reason is clouded by emotion
      • Interior act is believed to be defending the innocent, but the exterior act is going against defend the innocent, therefore this is an apparent good.
      • Could support defend the innocent, apparent good, and prevents overpopulation for an ordered society, apparent good. Goes against defend the innocent, reproduction
      • If abortion occurs as a result of something else, such as chemotherapy, it is not immoral as it was not intentional
    • Situation  ethics
      • If done out of selfless love, such as mother not being able to financially support the child, this is done out agape and is therefore moral
    • Utilitarianism
      • Bentham- considering pain vs. pleasure, pleasure is not experienced in either of the situations  of whether or not to have an abortion. Therefore the outcome which produces the least amount of pain is the moral option
        • The hedonic calculus, such as duration and fecundity will determine whether an abortion would be moral.
        • The quantity, whatever it is that will bring the most "pleasure" or the least amount of pain for the majority of people involved determines the morality of abortion
      • Mill-  higher and lower pleasures, abortion is moral as it would fulfil a higher pleasure due to the affect an unwanted child could cause mental pain
        • Greatest good for the greatest happiness- the common good includes the minority and their views will be taken into account
      • Preference-hare and singer. The preference of  everyone involved with the unborn foetus in order to compromise. Whatever the preference of everyone else, selflessness, is the most moral thing to do
    • Kantian ethics
      • Categorical imperative
        • The universal law- abortion cannot be universalised as this would result in no more reproduction and the human race would die out
        • Human as a means to and end- Kant was unclear about the moral status of a foetus
        • A kingdom of ends- continuation from universal law as "human as means to an end" is not clear
    • Divine command theory
      • "Thou shalt not murder" teaching in the Decalogue, which is basis of morality
      • The idea that human life is sacred and God-given "before I formed you in the womb I knew you" and we are made in imago dei, the image of God


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