ABORTION

  • Created by: mrmendes
  • Created on: 12-11-18 23:16
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  • ABORTION
    • When does life begin?
      • 4. Conscious
        • Potential victory is not the same as an actual victory, fetus is not yet self-aware, not recognised in the law as a full human
        • Suggest brain development, fetus is now a growing and recognised as a human
      • 5. Viability
        • Many born at this stage do not survive; nature is way of saying not ready yet - 28 weeks for a reason
        • Fetus could survive out of the womb; reconsigned by law as a human being
      • 2. Conception
        • Just a newly formed group of cells; an acorn is not a oak tree; not recognised by law as a human; may do not make it to implantation; mothers unaware
        • Unique being with unique genetic cod is produced, will develop into a human, Pope Pius ix  believes that life is present here
      • 6. Birth
        • It is a full human being, given an identity and celebrated on that day
        • Not yet fully self-aware
      • 1. Pre-Conception
        • Billions of sperm - only one is need, no human life is present
        • Every sperm is scared, essential for life to begin, limited number of eggs
      • 3. Primitive Streak
        • Provides structure foe embryonic, structure to align themselves, now clear if one or more person will be a result
        • Not discernible sign of humanity are present, no organs, Experimentation can take place until this point
    • What is abortion?
      • It is the deliberate ending of a life after fertilisation of the ovum and before birth
      • Mason and Laurie
        • Person-hood may be one thing and human life another; hence it is possible to argue that, while the zygote may not be a person, there is no logical alternative to regarding it as the first stage of human life
    • Christian ideas on Abortion
      • Roman Catholics
        • Life starts are Conception
        • Human being are made in God image
        • Thou shall not murder
        • I know you before you were in the womb
        • If anyone destroy God's temple; then God will destroy them
        • Life is sacred and a gift from God
        • Only God can take away life souls
        • We are different from animals as God breathed life into Adams nostrils.= Ensoulment.
        • Pope Pius: "What could ever be a sufficient  reason for the direct murder of an innocent?"
      • Protestants
        • love you neighbour as you love yourself
      • Love for one's fellow human being
      • could be seen as an act of charity
    • Ethical theory for abortion
      • Feminist Position
        • That id abortion is banned then it would mean that women rights would be lost as well and that it would go back to the older days
      • Judith Jarvis Thomson
        • Defends Abortion by using the violinist theory
          • The violinist. In "A Defence of Abortion", Thomson grants for the sake of argument that the fetus has a right to life, but defends the permissibly of abortion by appeal to a thought experiment: You wake up in the morning and find yourself back to back in bed with an unconscious violinist.
      • Mary Anna Warren
        • States that if abortion are banned then it would lead to unsafe abortion again (back street) were 200,000 women died a year. plus that it would affect the well-being of her family
    • Natural Law
      • Double Effect...To save the mother from death is okay if intent is not to kill the fetus.
      • Primary precept is too defend innocent life. Makes a secondary precept of do not abort.
    • Situation Ethics
      • Agape- the only thing good in itself if love
      • The Church of England says that situational abortion might be the lesser of two evils. If a woman was ***** then the more loving thing could be to abort
    • Kantian Views
      • People who have been ***** can have abortions... doesn't work = hypothetical imperative.
      • The 3 Maxims (The Categorical Imperative)
        • Abortion can not be universalised because humanity would cease to exist = self contradictory
        • Having an abortion to save a mothers life is wrong. It is treating humanity as a means to an end
        • Question of person-hood...Is a fetus a person?
    • Utilitarian Views
      • Pro choice
        • Mill
          • Human dignity
            • If fetus is just a bunch of cells than abortion is okay due to no human dignity.
            • Harm principle= its alright to do what we want as long as it doesn't harm others...question of person-hood.
            • Individual sovereignty -'Over himself, over his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign.'
        • Bentham
          • Quantity of happiness
            • The child could probably survive due to technological advance so having an abortion due to illness doesn't justify as there is some certainty that it could survive.
            • Judging whether life starts at conception is weak. It could be considered as uncertain on the Hedonistic Calculus.
            • Person-hood, only wrong if fetus is considered a person.
    • Weak Sanctity of Life
      • Does not start with a God but recognises medical improvements meaning Strong SOL is no longer suitable.
      • Jesus taught compassion and love...people should do the most loving thing.
    • ?
      • Disability
      • ****
      • Finance
      • Mothers life at risk
    • Abortion law
      • Abortion was legalised in the UK in 1967 up until 28 weeks, however it was lowered to 24 weeks in 1990. It is currently still illegal in Northern Ireland.
    • John Lucke
      • Lucke says person-hood is when you are capable of making choices, engaging in a relationship and are self aware.
      • This has many issues as disabled people and those in a coma do not follow the criteria so are they not considered a person?
    • Marry Warren
      • Warrens states that it is impossible to know when a fetus turns into a human and therefore birth gives a definite boundary.
      • Glover rejects this claim as the similarity between premature babies and late fetuses is large.
    • Glover
      • "Life starts at conception is nothing more then a religious tenet which claims no scientific truth"
    • Judith Thompson
      • The growth from a fetus into a person is gradual and therefore we cannot call a baby a human and give it human rights.
    • Mackie
      • The basic argument against abortion, on which all others build, is that the unborn child is already a human being, a person, a bearer o rights, and that abortion is therefor murder

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