abnormality mind map

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  • approaches to abnormality
    • cognitive approach
      • faulty cognitions
      • Becks negative triad
        • Negative view of...
          • Self
          • World
          • Future
      • Ellis's ABC Model
        • activating events (A) trigger...
          • thoughts and feelings (B)
            • these thoughts have consequences on future actions and events (C)
              • rational beliefs
              • irrational beliefs
                • beliefs affected by same cognitions as descried in Becks Model
                  • rational beliefs
      • Treatments
        • Cognitive Behavioural therapy
          • reframing of thoughts
      • evaluative points
        • Advantages
          • it works
          • effective
        • disadvantages
          • doesn't work for everybody
    • behavioural approach
      • Treatments
        • Stress inoculation training
        • Flooding
        • Aversion therapy
      • evaluative points
        • Advantages
          • works particularly well for phobias
          • effective
        • Disadvanatages
          • putting participants under unnecessary bouts of stress, cause psychological harm
          • doesn't work for severe conditions, such as schzophrenia
      • operant conditioning
      • social learning
    • Biological approach
      • Genetics
      • Treatments
        • Drugs
          • Tricyclic antidepressants
          • MAOI's
          • SSRI's
        • Electro-convulsive therapy
          • can work when all else fails
        • Psychosurgery
          • Frontal lobotomy
      • evaluative points
        • advantages
          • can help with relieveing symptoms so other therapies can help
          • effective
          • no blame
            • scientific
        • disadvantages
          • reductionist
          • treats the symptoms not the problem
          • ethical issues with some treatments
          • doesn't work for some abnormalities
          • might encourage patients to be passive
      • changes to brain function
      • Nature over Nurture
      • Mcguffin et al
        • twin studies
    • psychodynamic approach
      • Freud
      • treatments
        • Psychoanalysis
        • Free association
        • Dream analysis
      • evaluative points
        • advantages
          • can work
        • disadvantages
          • unfalsified
          • focuses too much on the id principle

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