Psychology Abnormality mindmap

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  • Created by: mmcbride
  • Created on: 18-03-15 09:18
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  • Abnormality
    • Deviation from social norms
      • Social nrosm refer to deviant behaviour, behaviour which is seen as anti-social or undesirable
      • Subjective -an opinion
      • Limitations - changing times, context (situation), culture (culture relativism)
        • Situational factors - circumstances define what happens
          • Dispositional factors - person defines what happens
    • Deviation from ideal mental health
      • Marie Jahoda
        • If good mental health is lacking in...
          • Intergration - working in a group
          • Self-attitude and identity
          • Personal growth
          • Atonomy - ability to rule yourself
          • Perception of reality
          • Mastery of environment
      • Definitions: not being able to resist stress/not achieving self-actualisation
    • Failure to function adaquately
      • Failing to function lack of eye contact, not following social norms + physical abnormality
        • Cultural relativism, different cultures + different behaviour
        • Adaptive/maladaptive? and difficult to judge
      • Rosengham + Seligman
        • Suffering, standing out, unpredictable/loss of control, causes observer discomfort and unable to adapt.
      • Direction of gaze, touching, voice pitch + volume and can and cannot discuss.
    • The 4 approaches
      • Biological
      • Psycho -dynamic
      • Cognitive
      • Behavioural
    • Bio therapies - drugs
      • Anti-anxiety
      • Anti-depressant
      • Anti-psychotic
    • Bio therapies - ECT
      • You become paralysed, unconcious, oxygen is pumped in + seizure for 1 minute
      • Over 70% of paitents female
    • Psychological therapies, psycho analysis

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