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  • Abnormality
    • Deviation from social norms
      • standards of acceptable behaviour are set by a social group
      • Limitations
        • Deviance is hard to identify because of context and degree
        • what may be abnormal in our culture may be different in another
        • what is socially acceptable now may not have been 50 years ago
      • Anything that deviates from this is considered abnormal
      • What is acceptable may change over time
    • Failure to function adequately
      • Not being able to cope with demands of everyday life
      • Abnormal behaviour interferes with day-to-day living
      • Individual judges when there behaviour becomes abnormal
      • Limitations
        • WHO JUDGES? - the person may be content with their behaviour, others then judge
        • Dysfunctional behaviour may be adaptive - creates attention for the individual
        • what is considered adequate may be different in other cultures
    • Deviation from ideal mental health
      • Jahoda suggested the same criteria as physical health
        • six categories
          • Self attitudes
          • self actualisation
          • interigation
          • autonomy
          • accurate perception of reality
          • mastery of environment
      • the model proposes that the absence of these criteria indicates abnormality
      • Limitations
        • WHO FITS THE CRITERIA? - some people would not be able fit all of criteria so would be considered abnormal
        • mental illness do not always have physical causes
        • the criteria may be different in other cultures


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