Abnormality Mindmap

  • Created by: gemshort
  • Created on: 20-10-17 15:43
View mindmap
  • Abnormality
    • Statistical deviation
      • Any relatively unusual (statistically infrequent) behaviour or characteristic can be thought of as abnormal
      • Best when dealing with characteristics that can be reliably measured, e.g. IQ
      • It has real-life application in the diagnosis of intellectual disability disorder
      • Just because a behaviour is statistically infrequent, i.e very high IQ, does not mean it requires treatment to return to normal
      • When someone is living a fulfilled life, there is no benefit to them being labelled 'abnormal'
    • Deviation from social norms
      • Behaviour is defined as abnormal if it breaks implicit or explicit social norms
      • Social norms are specific to the culture we live in so there are relatively few behaviours that would be considered universally abnormal
      • It has several real-life applications in the diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder
      • Even in the case of antisocial personality disorder, there are other factors to consider and this definition would never be used alone to make a diagnosis
      • Social norms vary across cultures (they are culture-bound) and this poses problems for people from one culture living within another
    • Failure to function adequately
      • Someone may be 'abnormal' if they can no longer cope with the demands of everyday life and fail to function adequately
      • Rosenhan and Seligman (1989) proposed some signs that can be used to determine when someone is not coping
        • A person no longer conforms to interpersonal rules
        • A person experiences severe personal distress
        • A person's behaviour is irrational or dangerous
      • it attempts to include the subjective experience of the individual
      • It can be hard to say when someone is failing to function adequately and when they are just deviating from the norm
      • Someone has to make a judgement that a person is failing to function adequately and this is subjective
    • Deviation from ideal mental health
      • Consider what makes a person normal and then think about who deviates from this
      • Marie Jahoda (1958) created a criteria for good mental health
        • No symptoms of distress; rational and can perceive ourselves accurately; self-actualise; cope with stress; realistic view of the world; good self-esteem and lack guilt; independent; mastery of the environment
      • It is a thorough definition
      • Jahoda's classification is culture-bound
      • it sets an unrealistically high standard for mental health
      • Labelling someone as abnormal may add to their problems


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Abnormality resources »