AAs: Depression and the New Deal (1929-1939)

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  • Depression &       the New          Deal       (1929-1939)
    • Economic & Employment Rights
      • Minimum wage rates, were set at a lower level for black workers than for white workers
      • Controversy with Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) > threw thousands of black sharecroppers off their land to resolve falling agricultural prices by cutting production.
    • Social Rights
      • Black writers and artists participated in projects such as recording interviews of former slaves for the WPA and researching black history
      • 1937, Abel Meerpol, a Jewish school teacher from New York wrote poem ‘Strange Fruit’ later turned into a song  by Billie Holliday (reached No.16 in the charts in 1939)
    • Both the National Recovery Act (1933) and the National Labor Relations Act (1935) gave employees the right to be in a trade union
    • Educational Rights
      • NAACP focused on obtaining a Supreme Court ruling that unequal expenditure on black and white schools was against the 14th Amendment

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