A Level Organic Synthesis Mindmap

  • Created by: Gienna
  • Created on: 02-04-19 17:40
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  • Alcohol
    • Alkene
      • Dihaloalkane
      • Diol
      • Alkane
        • Haloalkane
          • Alcohol
            • Alkene
              • Dihaloalkane
              • Diol
              • Alkane
                • Haloalkane
                  • Chloroalkane
                    • Bromoalkane
                      • Iodoalkane
                        • Primary Amine
                          • Amine
                        • Nitrile
                          • Primary Amine
                            • Amine
                          • Carboxylic Acid
                            • Acyl Chloride
                              • Ester
                              • Amide
                              • N-substituted Amide
                            • Ester
                        • Carboxylic Acid
                          • Acyl Chloride
                            • Amide
                            • N-substituted Amide
                  • Aldehyde/ Ketone
                    • Hydroxynitrile
                • Chloroalkane
                  • Bromoalkane
                    • Iodoalkane
                      • Nitrile
                  • Aldehyde/ Ketone
                    • Hydroxynitrile
                • Steam, H3PO4 catalyst, 300C, 60-70atm ?
                • Conc. H3PO4, 170C  ?
                • Carboxylic acid, acid catalyst, heat OR acyl chloride ?
                • Dilute acid or alkali, reflux ?
                • X, 20C ?
                • Acidified KMnO4, 20C ?
                • H2, nickel catalyst, 150C ?
                • X2, UV light ?
                • Warm aq. KOH, reflux OR Mg, dry ether, then a carbonyl, then dilute acid ?
                • PCl5, 20C OR HCl, 20C ?
                • KBr, 50% conc. H2SO4, 20C ?
                • Red phosphorus, I2 (to make PI3 in situ), reflux ?
                • Excess ethanolic ammonia, heat ?
                • Haloalkane ?
                • KCN, ethanol, reflux ?
                • LiAlH4, then dilute acid OR H2, Ni/Pt catalayst , high temp. and pressure ?
                • LiAlH4 ?
                • K2Cr2O7, H2SO4, reflux (aldehydes only) ?
                • LiAlH4 (gives aldehydes) ?
                • LiAlH4 (gives primary) ?
                • K2Cr2O7, H2SO4, heat, reflux (primary only) ?
                • KCN and H+ OR HCN, ethanol, reflux ?
                • PCl5, 20C ?
                • Cold H2O ?
                • Alcohol, 20C ?
                • NH3, 2OC (makes primary amide) ?
                • Primary amine, 20C ?
                • Alcohol, acid catalyst, heat ?
                • Dilute acid or alkali, reflux ?
                • Dilute HCL, reflux ?

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                Gienna

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                There are now question marks after each small bubble, these were originally arrows. Will fix this later. 

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