7. The Jacobean Settlement

  • Created by: Alasdair
  • Created on: 26-05-19 22:03
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  • 7. The Jacobean Settlement
    • 2. Recapping the settlement of religion under Elizabeth (1558-1603)
      • Dangers at home and abroad
      • Changing policy towards Catholics
      • Puritan dissatisfaction with prayer book, lack of preaching, church government (bishops)
      • Organised Presbyterian movement crushed in 1590s
        • emphasis of puritanism shifts to change from within existing structures
      • AND also in 1590s
        • new attitudes emerging, more positive about ceremonies and bishops
      • Church of England seems to be making headway
      • At end of Elizabeth's reign, there are some shifts around
    • 3. Jacobean settlement
      • Accession of James raises hopes of both puritans and Catholics
      • Puritans organise the 'Millenary petition' (1603):
        • seeks reforms of prayer book, clarification of Church of England doctrine
    • 1. Intro
      • James I comes to throne in 1603 and dies in 1625
      • 1603: A Time of Transition
        • Change of dynasty and Elizabeth has been on throne for a long time. Elizabeth had been declining in popularity
        • James only came to throne because Elizabeth's advisors wrote to him during the end of her reign.
    • 4. Hampton Court Conference
      • Hampton Court Conference (1603)
        • A package of reforms to meet many puritan concerns, but acceptance of an episcopal church (bishops) AND ceremonies required
    • 5. Outcome of Hampton Court
      • Canons of 1604
      • King James translation of the bible commissioned
    • 6. After Hampton Court
      • Acceptance of bishops (no bishop, no king) and ceremonies of prayer book required
        • James won't revisit these issues
      • However, door left open for practical compromise over enforcement
        • e.g. regarding ceremonies
      • But no principled opposition allowed
    • 7. Puritans under James I
      • All clergy must subscribed to the 3 Articles (1605-6) and c.80 dismissed
      • Partnership between moderate puritans and sympathetic bishops
      • godly magistracy
        • see P. Collinson 'The Religion of Protestants' (1982)
    • 8. A case of strategic engagement: Richard Bernard
      • 1605:
        • ejected; forms separate cell
      • 1607-8:
        • returns to the church
        • subscribes to the 3 Articles
        • writes in support of the established church
      • 1610s:
        • Called before church courts for not using sign of cross in baptism
        • not wearing appropriate clerical dress
    • 9. Catholics under James I
      • Gunpowder Plot (1605)
      • Oath of Allegiance
      • Fears of Catholics at Court
        • e.g. earl of Northampton, Queen Anne dies as a Catholic
      • Marpledurham
      • Fears seem legitimate given events on continent
        • e.g. St Bartholomew's Eve Massacre
      • James ensured those punished were culprits in order to avert witch hunt

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