Islam(part 1)

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  • Created by: LilliEarl
  • Created on: 13-05-18 17:29
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  • Six Articles of Faith
    • oneness of god: tawhid
      • "I bare no witness that there is no God but God"
    • angels
      • nature and role
        • "each person has an angel before him and behind him, watching over him by God's commands"
        • "the record of their deeds with be laid open...they will find everything they ever did infront of them"
      • jibril
        • sent to look at hell
        • "spirit of holiness"
      • mika'il
        • weighs peoples actions on judgement day"
        • "giver of rain and sustenance"
    • holy books
      • Torah:Musa (Moses) was given Allah’s word in the holy book
      • the scrolls of ibrihim: Ibrahim was given Allah’s word in the holy book
        • each of these have been distorted and are no longer original holy books
          • gospels: Isa (Jesus) was given Allah's word in the holy book
          • Torah:Musa (Moses) was given Allah’s word in the holy book
          • Psalms: Dawud (David) was given the word of Allah in this holy book
      • Qur'an: contains the full truth and final revelation from Allah
      • Psalms: Dawud (David) was given the word of Allah in this holy book
      • gospels: Isa (Jesus) was given Allah's word in the holy book
    • prophets: risalah
      • adam:  The story of Adam teaches Muslims that they have to follow Allahs commands and not to allow Satan to tempt them to evil.
      • ibrihim: ‘He was thankful for the blessings of God who chose him and guided him to a straight path’
      • Muhammad: ‘the seal of prophets’ meaning that the quantities of all the Messangers are found within him
    • judgement day: akhirah
      • Jannah is described in the Quran as a beautiful place: ‘what a blessed reward, what a pleasant resting place’.
      • Janhanam is a place of pain and suffereing :’The fire will scorch their faces and their lips will be twisted in pain’
      • resurrection: ‘"does man think that we cannot assemble his bones? Nay we are able to put together in perfect order the very tip of his fingers"
      • this links with akhirah because Allah is omniscient so he will judge accordingly
    • predestination
      • ‘ in all things the master planning is god’
    • Key Beliefs
      • Five Roots of Usul ad-Din
        • tawhid
        • divine justice of allah- adalat
        • risalah
        • imamate
          • leads 5 daily prayers and the Friday prayer(jummah)
          • teaches Arabic and the Qur'an
          • gives advice and counselling
          • leads prayers at weddings and funerals
        • day of resurrection
      • nature of Allah
        • omnipotence: "God is capable of all things"
        • beneficence: ‘your lord’s bounty is not restricted’
        • mercy:‘my mercy embraces all things’:
        • just: ‘If you judge between people, to do so with justice’
        • immanence: "we are closer to him than his jugular vein"
        • transcendene= beyond human understanding
      • similarities and differences
        • Sunni Muslims believe in the six articles; Shia Muslims believe in the five roots
        • both enforce tawhid and risalah
        • angels are a bigger part of a Sunni muslims life

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