5 Major Ethical Issues Participants and Researchers Face

  • Created by: NinaTan
  • Created on: 18-01-18 19:46
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  • 5 Major Ethical Issues That Face Participants and Researchers
    • Deception
      • Participants should not be lied to or misled about the aims of the study.
      • However, there is a difference between lying and simply withholding some information.
      • Mild Decpetion can be justified but major deceoption is only justified if the benefits justify this action.
    • Protection From Harm
      • Participants should not be placed at risk, and their physical and psychologicalsafety should be protected at all times.
      • This includes not being made to feel embarrassed or stressed
      • Part of protection from harm is telling participants that thy are free ti keave the investigaation at any time
    • Informed Consent
      • At the beginning of a study, participants should be given comprehensive information concerning the nature and purpose of the study and their role in it.
      • This should include the aims, procedures and that they are free to leave whever they wish.
      • Participants then make an informed decision - give their informed consent - to take part. If not informed beforehand, they must be debriefed afterwards.
    • Privacy
      • People should be expected to be able to control information about themselves.
      • In soem research participants are in a public place. it has generally become acceptable to make observations of people; however, there is no universal agreement on what  is a public place.
    • Confidentiality
      • If a person's privacy has been invaded, their identity should be protected.
      • Data collected about a person, even the results of an exoeriment, belong to that person.
      • To protect their privacy, their personal details should not be accessible.


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