- 5 Major Ethical Issues That Face Participants and Researchers
- Participants should not be lied to or misled about the aims of the study.
- However, there is a difference between lying and simply withholding some information.
- Mild Decpetion can be justified but major deceoption is only justified if the benefits justify this action.
- Protection From Harm
- Participants should not be placed at risk, and their physical and psychologicalsafety should be protected at all times.
- This includes not being made to feel embarrassed or stressed
- Part of protection from harm is telling participants that thy are free ti keave the investigaation at any time
- Informed Consent
- At the beginning of a study, participants should be given comprehensive information concerning the nature and purpose of the study and their role in it.
- This should include the aims, procedures and that they are free to leave whever they wish.
- Participants then make an informed decision - give their informed consent - to take part. If not informed beforehand, they must be debriefed afterwards.
- People should be expected to be able to control information about themselves.
- In soem research participants are in a public place. it has generally become acceptable to make observations of people; however, there is no universal agreement on what is a public place.
- If a person's privacy has been invaded, their identity should be protected.
- Data collected about a person, even the results of an exoeriment, belong to that person.
- To protect their privacy, their personal details should not be accessible.
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