3.1.6 ATP

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  • 3.1.6 ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate)
    • Hydrolysis
      • Hydrolysis reaction
      • Catalysed by ATP hydrolase (ATPase)
      • ATP to ADP
    • Synthesis
      • Occurences
        • Photophos-phorylation
          • During photo-synthesis
          • In chlorophyll- containing plant cells
        • Oxidative phosphory-lation
          • In plant and animal cells
          • During respiration
        • Substrate- level phosphory-lation
          • In plant and animal cells
      • Condensation reaction
      • ATP hydrolase
      • + Energy reforms ATP
        • Addition of a phosphate molecule
    • Structure
      • Ribose
        • Pentose sugar molecule; acts as a backbone
      • Adenine
        • Nitrogen- containing organic base
      • Phosphate
        • Chain of three phosphate groups
    • 'Immediate energy' used to transfer energy

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