21st Century

  • Created by: stackyboi
  • Created on: 10-05-18 08:40
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  • 21st Century
    • Class
      • More divisions between middle and working class, but classes are less pronounced
      • Social mobility can be achieved through sport
      • The formation of leagues increase the number of participants from all classes
      • Amateurs in sport like cricket/rugby are associated with middle class
        • Professionals in sports like football are most likely working class
    • Gender
      • More men involved in sport
      • Can be seen as 'masculine' or unfeminine, reinforcing male dominance in sport/sport coverage
      • Women more involved in physical exercise; rise in interest of fitness and health
      • Increase in female sports presenters, encouraging more women to get involved
    • Law and Order
      • Legislative for sport is more sophisticated/more specific to sport
      • Rights of players and spectators is more enshrined in law as well as laws related to aggression
      • Football banning orders used to prevent hooligans from travelling to fixtures abroad
      • Laws set to prevent discrimination on race/gender
      • No form of discrimination was accepted at all
    • Education
      • Exams in PE and sport have increased, showing a rise in opportunity for young people
      • There are middle and secondary, modern and secondary as well as private schools
    • Availability of time, money and transport
      • Tech innovations as well as more free time and flexible working hours
      • Global recession affected peoples disposable income, concluding that less money was spent on sport
      • Availability of transport increased, each household owned a car.
      • Increase availability of cheap air fare = more travel abroad to get involved with sport
    • Globalization of sport
      • Process that involves sport as worldwide business
      • Organisations such as FIFA can have their reputations tainted with alleged cheating
    • Freedom of movement
      • Sport is now a global marketplace for players to showcase their skills
      • National and international laws enabled this freedom of movement
      • Many spectators travel abroad to support their teams/watch international competitions
      • Possible reasons for globalization of footballers: better/faster and cheaper transport


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