21.1 Packaging and the environment

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  • 21.1 Packaging and the environment
    • Packaging problems
      • many are persuaded to buy a product because of it's packaging
      • most common material in packaging = plastic
        • non-renewable and very difficult to recycle
        • very un-environmentally friendly
      • Two functions
        • Primary packaging
          • protect and provide information about storage and contents
        • Secondary packaging
          • contains the product
          • made of card or plastic
          • bright printed graphics
          • detailed information to the consumer e.g. legal requirements
      • 70% ends up in landfill sites
        • pollutes the environment with potent methane gas
          • designers should minimise the impact on the environment
    • Eco-friendly solutions
      • manufactures are becoming more aware of the impact they have on the environment
      • Paper + card = better option than plastic
      • biodegradable materials have been invented e.g.  potato starch
        • Paperfoam
          • alternative to normal plastics
        • Potatopak
          • behaves like polystyrene
    • Waste hierarchy pyramid
      • 1) Prevention - no packaging
      • 2) Minimise - use less
      • 3) Re-use - existing packaging
      • 4) Use recycled material to package items
      • 5) Use waste materials to power a power station
      • 6) Dump the packaging in a landfill site

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