1970s British Popular Music

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  • 1970's British Popular Music
    • God Save the Queen
      • Harmony
        • Chord prog for each section is pretty simple
          • section A: I IV Ib IV (use of I-IV is typical of pop and is from first chord change on 12 Bar Blues
            • Section B: I V I (in new key)
              • Instrumental: in F#maj (relative), harm moves to E (dom of A) leading easily back to tonic
                • Coda: Harm moves with melody (accompanying pwer chords) - Simple idea
          • Modulation: Amaj, Emaj, F#min (all keys are related so although modulation unusual in Punk-Rock it is simple GUITAR FRIENDLY KEYS EASY TO PLAY
      • Structure
        • Slightly edited simple structure
          • Verses use 32 bar song AABA structure
          • There is a coda
          • section (not so conventional)
      • Melody
        • Simple yet effective melody
          • Bass and guitar chordal riffs
          • Lead guitar solo - blues influenced - energetic, punk stereotypical instrument
          • Combination of spoken and sung phrases (working class people), variety of pitch/improvised qualities
          • B section: repeated 2 note phrase over 2 bars. Coda:melody based on stepwise 3 note descending phrase
      • Rhythm & Metre
        • Rhythm and metre is kept straightforward throughoutj
          • 4/4
          • mix of straight and syncopated, bass/guitar riff: driving quavers in ber 1, syncopation in bar 2
    • Dancing with the Moonlit Knight
      • Harmony
        • Harmony changes with the influenced sections
          • Min dom (V) chord instead of standard maj. V chord in intro - folk
          • Modulation: C# min to Emaj, G#maj, F#maj, Bmaj before settling on F#maj
          • Pedal used massively in instrumental section; tonic pedal F# then mediant )III) A
          • Falling min. 3rd interval during electric guitar solo (A,C,A) - blues
      • Instrumentation
        • The music changes dominant instruments throughout the piece
          • Use of acoustic guitar in the folk-inspired opening section
          • Piano takes over broken chord accompaniment (previously provided by the organ) giving the music a 19th century romantic feel
          • Drum-kit, electric guitar and bass guitar show blues influences
          • Variety of keyboard using organ, piano and synthh (tyical of prog rock)
      • Melody
        • Each part has a specific melody
          • Vocal in intro: moves down from tonic to bVII (C# to B), this is modal (folk influence)
          • Vocal melody over electric guitar riff centers around 1 note but then uses pent. scale (blues influence)
          • bass riff in instrumental: straight in rhythm and uses pedal F#
      • Texture
        • The piece varies in texture
          • In the opening the vocals are acapella (unaccompanied)
      • Structure
        • "Through composed"
          • New musical material is constantly being introduced (prog-rock idea)
          • structural idea from German classical composers (Schubert) - classical influence
          • Some ideas in this piece (riffs) return but are developed and chords are repeatedly used
      • Metre
        • The piece has a varying tempo and metre
          • During the instrumental section the piano plays a broken chord phrase using rubato (temporary quickening or slackening of the piece)
          • "join the dance" the music moves from 4/4 to 2/4 to 3/4 before moving back to 4/4 at the instrumental (typical prog-rock)
          • Tempo is doubled at the star of the instrumental
          • Straight drum beat in instrumental section
      • Timbre
        • The timbre changes with the musical influenced sections
          • Electric guitar in solo is used with distortion
          • opening section is acoustic and folky
          • Recurring electric guitar riff uses clean sound and there is a guitar with tremelo/delay in the background
          • during instrumental, pedal guitar note  has higher EQ (twang) sound


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