Was the period from 1960 - 68 a turning point for Native Americans?

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  • 1960 - 68
    • Poverty, racism, NCAI slow progress
      • However, more than 25% of NA's were classified as poor and lived in sub-standard housing. Life expectancy was also low at 44 from the national 65. 500,000 acres of land was also lost in this period for timber.
    • 1961 - National Indian Youth Council
      • Founded in 1961 to protest against the injustices faced by the NA's
    • 1968 - AIM
      • It took up discrimination as an issue. Young NA's patrolled the streets as a result of their actions
    • 1969 - Red Power
      • The emergence of Red Power from the late 60s via novels and songs raised awareness for the plight of Native Americans coinciding with the Black Protest movement. In '68, a fish-in was staged in Washington State after the SC failed to uphold the right to fish.
    • Siege of Alcatraz Richard Oakes
      • This demonstated the quest for sovereignty when 14 Native Americans occupied the island under Richard Oakes, paying $24 in cloth and bead (same price the government paid for the island from the indians) but was rejected. The seige was covered by world media and gained awareness for the synonymous allusion to the treatment of prisioners in Alctraz and the treatment of NA'. As a result more than 100,000 Native Americans visited the island and many disobeyed laws and regulations.


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