Ireland

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  • 1920's Ireland
    • History
      • 1912 - Westminster Parliament in London passed the Home Rule Bill for Ireland.
        • Meaning Ireland would have own parliament
        • Make their own political decisions
        • Some unionist opposed - thought it would lead to nationalist & catholic dominated country.
      • 1916 -  Irish Rebellion
        • The rebellion only lasted a week with Britain successfully regaining control of Dublin
        • 14 leaders captured & executed
        • The IRA vs British Forces
      • 1919-1921 Irish War of Independence
        • 300 people killed up to 1920
        • Bloody Sunday 21st November 1920
          • 14 British operatives were assasinated
          • RIC opened fire to a crowd at a football match
            • killing fourteen civilians and wounding 6
          • British government declared martial law in much of southern Ireland
          • Violence continued to escalate over the next seven months, when 1,000 people were killed and 4,500 republicans were interned
          • Violence escalated over the next seven months, when 1,000 people killed and 4,500 republicans were interned
            • The fighting was heavily concentrated in Munster, Dublin and Belfast.
        • Both countries agreed a cease fire in
    • Bloody Sunday 21st November 1920
      • 14 British operatives were assasinated
      • RIC opened fire to a crowd at a football match
        • killing fourteen civilians and wounding 6
      • British government declared martial law in much of southern Ireland
      • Violence continued to escalate over the next seven months, when 1,000 people were killed and 4,500 republicans were interned
      • Violence escalated over the next seven months, when 1,000 people killed and 4,500 republicans were interned
        • The fighting was heavily concentrated in Munster, Dublin and Belfast.
    • Poverty
      • Worst Housing Conditions of any city
      • Wealthy moved to suburbs
      • 835 people lived in 15 houses
      • Women had to cook over open fires
      • Higher population growth than China
        • (due to Catholic church ruling against contraception & abortion)
        • 172%
      • due to potato blight
      • Infant immortality rate was 7%
    • Economic situation
      • a separate parliament
      • Irish people were divided politically
      • economic policies promised (and failed) to achieve self-sufficiency in agriculture and industrial sectors
      • Housing programme encouraged the building of 80,000 houses
      • Potato Famine
      • Depression
    • Religion
      • Catholics VS Protestants
      • Both catholics and protestants had a fear of being the religious minority
      • Mainly Catholic

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