19.2- Reasons why a separate youth culture developed in the period 1951-64

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  • 19.2 Reasons why a separate youth culture developed in the period 1951-64
    • Teenagers had more tme
      • Boys no longer had to take part in National Service after 1960
      • Girls didn't have to help their mothers as much in the house
        • New labour saving devices
    • Changes in technology
      • TV programmes, radio, magazines
    • Post-war baby boom
      • 10% of the population were teenagers (5 million)
    • Teddy Boys (early 1950s)
      • Emerged after the post-war austerity, the face of the new youth culture
      • Their fashion sense was aiming to shock their parents- Edwardian drape coats etc (good at hiding alcohol and weapons)
      • Teddy Girls adopted the American fashions and wore low cut tops to seem less prissy
      • Fascist tendencies
      • Formed gangs that tended to be violent, carried weapons and were involved in the racism when West Indian immigrant came to Britain
      • The violence however was exaggerated by the media
      • Were blamed for rising crimes
    • The Rockers (late 1950s)
      • Biker subculture- revolving around motorbikes and Rock 'n' Roll
      • Their cultural legacy came from 'The Beatles, Bill Haley and Elvis
      • Their bikes were a symbol of intimidation and masculinity
      • Motorcyclist companies and general enthusiasts saw them as an embarrassment to the sport
      • They would often have violent clashes with mods, especially the seaside riots that took place in Clacton, Margate and Brighton in 1964
    • The Mods (late 1950s)
      • Mod Subculture- "appear to have been a group of working class dandies, possibly descended from the devotees of the Italianate style"
      • Into coffee bars, modern jazz, scooters, amphetamine pills and 'pop' music
      • Overtaken by bohemian/ hippie style in the 60s
      • Were opposition to the Rockers- rioting and violence between the two


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