18th Century Medicine Individuals - Edward Jenner

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  • 18th Century Medicine Individuals - Edward Jenner
    • Was born in 1749. He was a country doctor from England.
    • Smallpox was a very serious disease that killed many people in the 18th Century. Edward Jenner heard that if you had the milder cowpox, you were immune to getting smallpox.
      • Jenner decided to test the  theory and noticed that milkmaids who worked near infected cow often contracted cowpox as it was very contagious. In order to make a preventative medicine, he took some pus from the boils of a cowpox sufferer, Sarah Nelmes, and made incisions into a healthy eight year old James Phipps into which he put the pus in.
        • James was a little unwell for a while but soon recovered. Jenner then had to prove that cow pox prevented smallpox by giving Phipps a dose of smallpox. Fortunately, Phipps was perfectly fine and did not contract smallpox. The vaccination was born.
          • To ensure his results were accurate and reliable, Jenner repeated the experiment 23 times, all of which were successful.
    • Jenner published his findings in 1798, but his work was rejected by many as vaccinations as they couldn't be explained and opposed other remedies that were being used at the time.
    • Invented vaccinations, using cowpox and smallpox as the cause of his discovery.


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