1890's-1914 Germany before and during WW1

This can be mentioned in the AQA paper 1 for Germany. Sometimes this comes up, however not the most crucial topic

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  • 1890's-1914 Germany before WW1
    • Kaiser Wilhelm II
      • He was the head of the armed forces, controlled the foreign policy and appointed the chancellor. He ruled like a king and could overrule the Bundestag and the Bundesrat.
        • Bundesrat: Federal council made of 58 reps from the 25 states. Introduced laws to the Bundestag and power to approve them.
        • Bundestag: Federal parliament made up of 397 deputies. Voted on laws introduced by the Bundesrat. (Basically the Reichstag before WW1)
          • The Reichstag/Chancellor was elected in by all males over the age of 25.
      • 1888- Kaiser Wilhelm II becomes Kaiser
    • Industrialisation of Germany had made Land owners, business men and factory owners wealthy. However the ordinary workers were unhappy. Their wages were low, food was expensive, living and working conditions were poor.  They liked the idea of socialism.
      • Betwen 1880 and 1913, Germany's industrial productions closes the gap with Britain.
        • The Kaiser would have been keen to banish socialism, as then he could just spend money on the Army and Navy rather than his workers and people.
          • He makes all decisions based around the army
            • A SOCIALIST is a person who believes in making choice which benefit the majority and who believe the people should have a choice on decisions
  • 1918: The treaty of Versailles ends WW1. Rhineland was placed under allied occupation for 15 years.
    • 9th November 1918: Germany was declared a republic
      • 1918- Wilhelm abdicated the the throne (runs away)


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