1848 public health act

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  • 1848 Public Health Act
    • the government were faced with a cholera epidemic in 1948
    • parliament reluctantly approved the health act
    • it was set up to encourage local authorities to make improvements
      • to the conditions in the area
      • only few authorities took measures
      • by 1872 only 50 councils had appointed medical officers of health
        • although edwin chadwick had proposed this specifically
          • he was a poor law commissioner
          • he did reports and fed back
    • only could do this with the support of rate payers
      • enabled them to borrow money to pay back for the improvements
        • borrowed £11million from the council 1848-72
    • the weakening of laissez-faire
      • as a result of these changes the government saw it couldn't leave important public health measures to induviduals
    • education
      • in 1870 the government made every local authority set up schools
      • improved literacy made it possible for people to read and write
        • could learn more about health
    • some cities led the way
      • towns began to compete with each other to be the cleanest
    • cholera
      • the 1865 cholera outbreak combined with john snow's link between cholera and dirty water persuaded people to take action
    • statistics
      • from 1837 the government collected statistics
        • from this, an accurate death rate was compiled and people could make links between lifestyle and health
    • scientific improvements
      • pasteur's germ theory linked dirt and disease
    • new voters
      • in 1876 working class men were given the vote
        • meant that MP's were more likely to listen to the needs of lower class people

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