1750 - 1900 medicine

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  • 1750 - 1900
    • individuals
      • louis pasteur
        • 1861 germ theory = the bacteria caused the diease
          • spontaneous generation = the disease caused the bacteria
        • chicken cholera vaccine
          • Charles Chamberland was in Pasteur’s team. Chamberland was told to inject chickens t it was the day before his holiday and he forgot. He left the germs on his desk and injected the chickens when he returned from his holiday. The chickens survived, tried again with new germs, chickens survived. weakened by being left out, and the weakened cholera made the chickens immune. 
            • due to this he was able to create more vaccines and made one for anthrax
      • robert koch
        • stained/dyed certain bacteria
          • He identified anthrax spores and the bacteria that cause septicaemia, tuberculosis and cholera.
        • learned how to grow bacteria and created petri dishes
      • john snow
        • 1854 he proved the link between cholera and dirty drinking water
          • with all his evidence he was able to get the handle of the broad street water pump removed
            • it later was found that a cesspool had been leaking into the water supply
      • chadwick
        • 1842 report on the sanitary conditions of the labouring population
          • Organise drainage and refuse collection o Provide a pure water supply o Appoint a Medical Officer of Health
      • nightingale
        • crimean war
        • improved ward hygeine
        • wrote 'notes on nursing'
    • public health
      • houses were built as close together as possible as these were factory worker housing
        • diseases spread easily
        • facilities couldn't cope - water/sewage
      • OPTIONAL public health act 1848
        • brought on by cholera outbreaks
      • 1858 the great stink
        • the sewage had been pumped into the thames for hundreds of years and a very dry season cause the great stink right under parliament's nose which spurred the sewage renovations
      • public heath act 1875 LAW
        • Improved the standards of housing Stopped the pollution of rivers Shortened working hours in factories  Made it illegal to add ingredients that made food unhealthy Made education compulsory
      • 1867 working class was given the right to vote lots of new laws were passed including the second public heath act


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