1.3 Health and lifestyle

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: maddie
  • Created on: 30-11-12 17:38
View mindmap
  • 1.3 LIFESTYLE AND HEALTH
    • Risk - meausre of the probability that damage to health wukk occur as a result of given hazard. has two elements ...
      • probabilty that hazardous event will occur
      • consequences of hazardous event
        • affects how we view risk - when proability hich and consequences severe we become concerned
          • probabilty that hazardous event will occur
    • risk can be mesured from 0 - 100%
    • health risks need time scale
    • risk measured by comparing likelihood of harm happeneing to those exposed to hazrd to those who arent
    • even when risk quantified, mdifficult ot understand risk as many factors to consider. To be able to understand risk, may need to know...
    • often more to statistic but reports in media may be misleading - focus on 1 figure. impression given - figure applies to everyone, often not the case
    • risk factors and cancer
      • cancer not single disease nor has single cause. some factors beyond our control, other due to lifesyle = we can control
    • risk factors and chronary heart disease CHD
      • number of factros increasing chance of CHD. Some such as age & genes beyind our control, some we can control...
        • obesity
        • diet - high levels salt raise blood pressure, high levels ofsaturdated fats increase blood cholestrol. both increase chance of CHD
        • smoking - smokers 6x times more likely
        • high blood pressure
        • blood cholestrol levels
        • physical activity - aerobic exercises lower BP and cholestrol levels & reduces obestiy
    • reducing risk of cancer and CHD
      • giving up / not smoking
      • avoding being overweight
      • reduce cholestrol and saturated fat intake
      • regular exercise
      • reducing salt intake
      • keeping alchol  consumption within safe limits
      • increasing intake of dietry fibre and antioxidants
  • diet - high levels salt raise blood pressure, high levels ofsaturdated fats increase blood cholestrol. both increase chance of CHD
  • reducing salt intake

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Biology resources:

See all Biology resources »See all Health, illness and disease resources »