13 wasted  years ? 1951-64 Conservative domination

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  • Created on: 13-06-18 10:44
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  • 13 wasted  years ? 1951-64 Conservative domination
    • 1951 election
      • labour had to poll more votes due to the first past the post system
      • Liberal was finacially stretched so only contested for 109 seats
      • a first for labour as they gained a large amount of seats
      • labour had only built 200k houses a year
    • how important were labour weaknesses
      • splits over dental treatment and perscriptions
      • exhaisted cabinet
      • concerns over economic and foreign policy
      • they had brought the country into the korean war which had added further financial strain
      • associated with austerity
    • Conservative strengths
      • new young talented politicians such as reginald maudling
      • lord woolton reformed party finances
      • attractive programe
        • promise to build 300k houses a year which was met
    • Why where the conservatives able to dominate British politcis ofr so long
      • the economy
        • presided over a period of economic growth
        • industry stimulated by the korean war
        • however world trade shrunk 25% to 15%
        • also criticized for failing to modernise staple industries
      • wages and living standards
        • 500% increase inn car ownership
        • wages rose faster than prices
        • chacellor cuyt income tasx before the elections
        • increase in credit
        • increased wages and tax cuts led to a consumer boom
        • 44% increase in house ownership by 1964
      • economic policy
        • welfare stae spenidng increased throughout the period
        • butskellism
        • stop and go policy
          • respongding to teh market but failed to resovle underlying problems
          • led to a lter period of stagflation
        • not enough investment in important industires led to a delcine in textiles  and shipbuilding
        • not enough  investment into industiral resrearch hindred growth
        • policies around credit did improve living standards
      • unemployment
        • overall upward trend throughout the period despite Macmillian talking over never had it so good in 1957
      • Social Policy
        • further wlefare spending
        • 300k new houses a year
        • overall class distinctions where smaller
        • news school system
    • How important a factor was conservative leadership in maintaining power
      • churchill given his position as a thank you for his war time effort
        • he was ill and butler mostly ran the party he was not missed
      • anthony eden 1955 resgined due to ill health after the suez crisis of 56
        • personal appeal with women voters
      • Harold macmillian
        • increased conservative majorty to 100
        • presided over a period of propsperity and affulance
        • 1961 balance of trade deficit
        • appeared on tv - won him support "super mac"
          • became mac the knife in 1962 after reshuffling of his cabinet
        • saw scandles in 1963
      • douglas-hom 1963-64
        • old boys network etonion
        • lost in 1964 to harold wilson
    • How weak was the Labour party 1951-60
      • split between gaitskell (revisionists - who wanted to modernise the party)
      • and bevanits ( fundamentalists - wanted to maintain traditional principles of the party
        • split between gaitskell (revisionists - who wanted to modernise the party)
      • internal disputes
        • couldn't decide weather to move more the the right or too the left
        • divided over the future of socialism

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