1.2 religion

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  • 1.2 Religion
    • religion in C1
      • 1625 England was a confessional state
      • Arminiaism
        • appointed Laud as (a b of c ) 1633 -who was unpopular with most
          • laud introduced organs and decorations and moved communion table - angered puritans
            • reforms were not liked
          • head of star courts
            • ha dpower to punish
          • imposed preaching bans
    • Restoration
      • The worcester declaration 1660
        • bishops were restored
        • settlement between Anglicans and Presbyterians
      • Savoy conference.  1661- was an attempt to compromise between Ps and As
        • negotiations broke down in jul
      • 5th Monarchist rising
        • 1661- Venner led plot aganst cromwell 1657
          • increased fear of radicals
      • Cavalier parliment 1661
        • not focused on a settlement
      • Act of uniformity 1662
        • 100s of presb and non conformists ejected from their livings for not complying
        • 1800 minister driven away
    • Parlimetary times
      • star chamber court and high court of comission ABOLISHED
      • radicals = successful
        • printing press
        • new modle army
      • 1640 root branch petion - asked for removal of episcopacy
      • 1436- par tried to establish presb church in scot
      • 1644 westminter assembly -new modle for organisation- indepent churches - were rejected
      • Quakers - fox sent preachers
      • 1652 - rump and army leaders wanted toleration
      • 1656- james Naylor = Quaker who rode into bristol on a donkey - blasphemy
    • Blasphmey act- punished radicals 1650
    • dissent and Non-comfromity
      • familists - wanted perfect love with god - read bible - moved to USA
      • brownist and barrowists
      • growth
        • long parliment encoraged
          • 1000 active seperatists in london
      • Clarigndon code
        • corpoation act 1661- cant hold office
        • Act of uniformity 1662- excluded form churches
        • Conventicle act 1664- widened targets
        • 5 mile act 1665 -drove dissenter for allies
      • 1655 - protectorate parliament allowed religious tolerance
      • 1689 and 1690= toloation
      • persecution
        • John shaw hull - preacher and master of alshouse - kicked out but appled
          • eventually 300 were shut out from hull
        • cpatin john hodgson
          • oct 1660 aressted forced to take oath
      • survival
        • mistake of opponets
          • 1669 - 2 judges attempted to revise act of u
          • 1672- d of i SUSPENDED CONVENICAL ACT - COULD PREACH
            • Widrawn 1673
          • 1676- E of danby - attempted to inact cenus- bloked
        • popish polt- had focus on catholics
        • exclusion crisis= more percecution
        • j 2 - presecution decreased
    • Catholicism
      • M1= killed 284 protestants
      • C1 excluded puritans and had catholic leaninsg
      • nature of the court supported catholics
        • elevated monarchy to semi religious mystic
        • used catholic painter to decorate banqueting hall
        • high profile member of privy council= windebank and cottington had catholic wives
      • C1 wife = catholic and had influence
      • favouritism?
        • purtians were openly harassed
          • most catholics outside court were left alone
        • protests were subjected to harsh punishemnt by star court
          • acted in kings name
        • direction of gov appeared to be absolutism
      • exclusion of catholics from tolerance
        • Oath of abjurtion- had ro give 2;3 of land
        • act of toloration 1650- dissenters only
        • cromwell 1654- anti catholic laws to continue - 3 caths pleaded he agreeded but did nothing
        • sept report 992 refused to take oath in lancaster

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