1.1.3

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  • Created by: beth
  • Created on: 10-12-12 17:45
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  • 1.1.3 Health, Fitness and Exercise.
    • Health; A state of complete mental, physical and social well  being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity'
      • You  have to  have the 3 aspects of health, otherwise you aren't completely healthy.
    • Exercise; A form of physical activity done to maintain or improve health and or physical fitness, it is not competitive sport.
      • Exercise is something physical that you do in order to keep or improve the other two aspects of a healthy life style, health and fitness,
    • It's about not having too much or too little of one thing, so one of the key factors on the right should never outweigh the others
      • If you take part in regular exercise you can increase endurance and increase performance and achieve increased health benefits.
      • If  the 3 factors are not working together you will not achieve a balanced healthy life style. if you don't take part in exercise, fitness deteriorates, and the benefits wont increase.
    • Cardiovascular fitness; The ability to exercise the entire body for long periods of times without tiring/
      • cardio; heart
      • vascular; blood vessels and the blood they carry.
      • together they supply the body with oxygen to produce energy for exercise.
      • the better your cardiovascular fitness, the better your oxygen supply will be.
    • muscular endurance; the ability to use voluntary muscles many times without getting tired.
    • muscular strength; the amount of force a muscle can exert against a resistance,
    • flexibility' the range of movement possible at a joint.
    • body composition; the percentage of body eight which is fat, muscle and bone.
    • agility' the ability to change the position of the body quickly and to control the movement of the whole body.
    • balance; the ability to retain the body's centre of mass above the base of support with reference to static or dynamic conditions of movement shape and orientation.
    • Coordination; the ability to use two or more body parts together.
    • power is the ability to do strength performances quickly, in order to have power you must have strength and speed.
    • reaction times; this is the time it takes to react to a given stimulus, t is particularly important in an event where there is a definite start to the race (100m)
    • speed; relates to the amount of time it takes to perform a particular action or cover a particular distance

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