Policy 1103

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  • Created by: Eden Good
  • Created on: 19-04-14 15:40
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  • 1103 Exam- Crime Policy Making
    • Topic 1: stages of the policy process
      • Lasswell Strategist Model- logical steps to create policy
        • Identify problem > analyse problem> assess options> select most promising>mobilise resources> implement> monitor and review
    • Topic 2: path dependancy
      • Policies are often made in the path of previous policies that have worked, depending on success
    • Topic 3: Government VS Governance
      • Untitled
    • Topic 4: Mixed Economy of Crime Control
      • bigger governing role for non governmental bodies - private sector (privatisation) and public sector (responsibilitisation)
    • Topic 5: Example of policy roles
      • Policy makers, doers, infuencers, scrutineers
    • Topic 6: Incrementalism
      • Untitled
    • Topic 7: Implementation gap
      • Wildausky: policy intentions do not always become policy outcomes
    • Topic 8: Bureacracy
      • Weber said: Bureaucracies were goal orientated, hierarchical and showed a division of labour
    • Topic 12: Home Affairs Select Committee
      • Untitled
    • Topic 9:Street level bureaucracy and impact on policy
      • Lypsky: Operating under low visible conditions, people who deal with unrealistic expectations and excessive demands
    • Topic 10: 3 arms of state and justification of seperation of powers
      • Legislative(MP's who debate and pass legislation), executive(Ministers, civil servants and local governments who propose policy), judiciary ( senior judiciary who interpret legislation, deciding on legality of executive action)
        • Separation of powers: prevents no one arm from overreaching its role, prevents over-powerful state, fundamental constitutional principle
    • Topic 11:Policy diff's between Neo Liberal state and Welfare Liberal state
      • Untitled
    • Topic 13: Delegated legislation and why it's used
      • Untitled
    • Topic 14: Judicial activism-impact on democracy
      • Untitled
    • Topic 15: Moral panic and role of media
      • Stan cohen- moral panic- 1960's- a group or issue that threats the norms of society, created by media
      • Role of media on policy process: Media shapes issues as probles that require policy responses
    • Topic 16: Example of New Public Management
      • Untitled
    • Topic 17: Why is deprofessionalisation used and example
      • Much more cost efficient for government and councils- the people who work in back offices in police stations- to create 'active citizens'
    • Topic 18: Public participation/engagement- reason for and example
      • Untitled
    • Topic 19: Joined up policy- why is it used?
      • Untitled
    • Topic 20: Policy transfer and example
      • Untitled
    • Topic 21: Private sector concerns
      • less accountable, more consumerist, cost-cutting, increases competition, talks up crime: more punishment and crime= more business
    • Topic 22: Public sector advantages
      • Flexible, local (better for local needs), more trusted, cheaper and more efficient
    • Topic 23: role of pressure groups and example
      • Use media to promote their message, use poititians and experts, aims to influence public policy, represents a section of the oublic
        • Exaple: Howard League for Penal Reform
    • Topic 24: Roles of think tansk
      • Independant research organisations- politicians sometimes included, produce reports
        • Example: New Local Government Network

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