10. Sexual Ethics: Catholicism/Natural Law

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  • Created by: Alasdair
  • Created on: 25-06-17 12:05
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  • 10. Sexual Ethics: Catholicism/Natural Law
    • Aquinas and Natural Law
      • Primary precepts are absolute and all actions must adhere to them
        • 1. Preserve life
        • 2. Procreate
        • 3. Educate
        • 4. Live peacefully in society
        • 5. Worship God
      • Sex must fulfill these purposes, and in order to worship God sex must only be in marriage
      • The use of contraception is immoral as it prevents the secondary precepts
        • However, contraception may be necessary to live peacefully in society
          • e.g. to stop spread of AIDs and other STDs
    • Catholicism
      • Follows Natural Law, so sex must lead to procreation or chance of reproduction and must take place in marriage
      • In marriage there must be fides (faithfulness), proles (reproduction) and sacramentum (two becoming one flesh)
        • Sex is only for marriage, and then it must lead to all these
        • Premarital or extra-marital sex, sex for pleasure (and masturbation), contraception are all immoral
    • Divorce/adultery
      • In marriage, there must be fides, proles and sacramentum
        • Adultery is highly immoral as it goes against God's purpose of marriage
        • Divorce is immoral and not allowed because in marriage two become one, so they are inseparable
          • By divorcing and marrying another, adultery is being committed
    • Homosexuality
      • Procreation is the purpose of sex, so lack of a child being produced means that homosexuality is immoral and relationships have no worth
      • The sin is act, if there are homosexual feelings then it is part of God's test and one must abstain

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