There are three main definitions of what religion is:
Substantative - Defines religion in terms of what it actually is.
Functionalist - Defines religion in terms of its uses and purposes for society and the individual.
Polythetic - Creates a list of possible characteristics that a religion might have.
The main sociologists associated with these defintions are:
The substantative definition - Durkheim (1915)
The functionalist defintion - Yinger (1970)
The polythetic defintion - Southwold (1978)
This is what they said:
Durkheim (1915) - A unified system of beliefs and practices relative to a sacred being.
Yinger (1970) - Religion is…
Get access to this and 1000s more study tools for £6.99
No comments have yet been madeSign in to comment
191,500 resources for £6.99
What our members say:
“I am extremely happy with this service as it has helped me jump from level 5's and level 6's in subjects to Level 8's in ALL, yes ALL my subjects in school.”
“I just wanted to write and tell you how much I am enjoying using 'Get Revising'”