Natural Hazard Case Studies

What Why When How Where

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Mt Pinatubo

Where - Phillipines

When - June 1991

Why - Destructive Plate Margin

Phillipines and Eurasion plate moving at 6.8 cm a year

Phillipines subducts Eurasion

Pressure built up inside the mantle

Magma forced to rise into magama chamber

Impacts - 200 000 evacuated

1000s homeless - refugee camps -> communal wash rooms -> spread diseases

Loss of crops and animals -> starvation

Solutions - Tiltmeters - predict which way volcano will erupt

Satalites - pinpoint where the eruption will occur

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