Full revision guide for OCR History B paper one (International relations from 1918-1939 and the USA)

Full revision guide with condensed information for History B Modern World OCR with studies on treaty of versailles, Hitler and the causes of world war two along with the USA Through the 20s and 30s.

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Page 2

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The Treaty of Versailles

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Page 4

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War Guilt
Germany had to accept the blame for starting the war
German Territories and colonies
Togoland and Cameroon to Britain and France
German South West Africa went to South Africa
German East Africa to Britain
New Guinea went to Australia
Samoa went to New Zealand
The Marshall, Mariana and Caroline islands went to Japan
Alsace-Lorraine to France
North Schleswig to Denmark after plebiscite
Rhineland was demilitarised
Saarland was run by the League until a plebiscite after 15 years
Upper Silesia was given to

Page 5

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Freikorps attempted revolution, stopped by civilian strikes
1923 Hitler attempted to take over Bavaria
1921 German economy in ruins
1922 Fell back on reparations payments
1923 French and Belgian soldiers invaded the Ruhr
1925 after huge loans from the USA the French and Belgian left the Ruhr
Hyperinflation took place due to printing more money, the treaty was blamed for all of their money
The other treaties
Treaty of St.

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Structure of the league
International Labour Organisation (ILO)
Council of the league
Permanent Court of Justice
Special commissions
Drug addiction
Health Committee
Mandates commission
Slavery Commission
Refugees Committee
Help for underdeveloped nations
Women's rights
The League in the 1920s
Vilna 1920- Failed to support smaller nation of Vilna from Poland
Upper Silesia 1921- Went against the general consensus of the plebiscite
Economic Collapse in Austria and Hungary 1922-23- Saved two country's economies
Corfu 1923- Failed to support smaller nation to keep Mussolini

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Although they had to intervene when China appealed
Felt Japan might even help China
Lytton report took too long (a year)
Japan ignored condemnation and left the league
Followed with invasion
League revealed as powerless
Backed up actions by saying it was distant
Abyssinia dates
1896- Italy first attempted and invasion of Abyssinia.

Page 8

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September 1932- A note sent by the British to Germany to encourage equality appeared superior
and annoyed Germany
December 1932- An agreement was finally made to treat Germany equally
January 1933- Germany announced its return to the conference
February 1933- Hitler became chancellor and began to rearm
October 1933- Hitler withdrew from the disarmament conference.

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F-French and British Self-interest
A-Absent Powers
I-Ineffective Sanctions
L-Lack of Armed forces
U-Unfair Treaty
Re- Reaching decisions too slowly
1935- Reintroduced conscription and left the league
He made a great display of claiming he didn't want to rearm, claimed he was rearming
because others wouldn't and also included the argument of unemployment
Britain had some sympathy, Germany's army still wasn't strong enough to do any damage,
Britain felt a strong Germany was a buffer against Communism
The French were angry
1935- Saar plebiscite which

Page 10

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Hitler had been born in Austria
He claimed it was what the people wanted even though there had been foul play
The league did nothing, Chamberlain even went as far as saying he felt they belonged
Lord Halifax had even said before the Anschluss he would support one
Sudetenland (Munich Agreement)
May 1938- Hitler made it clear he would fight Czechoslovakia for the Sudetenland
15th September 1938- Chamberlain and Hitler first met and Hitler claimed he wanted a plebiscite,
Chamberlain felt this was reasonable.


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